#Echo46: confusion about 5G and how Trump opened an Apple plant in the USA

Moscow is a wonderful city no matter how you look at it. For example, in St. Petersburg, we first installed lampposts in our yard, after a few months they attached lanterns to them, and after a couple of months they brought electricity. And the road works in the neighborhood have been going on for 4 months, which means you have to knead the dirt if you want to get home. In Moscow, asphalt was laid in three days on a significant section of Dmitrovskoye Highway not far from my rented apartment.

Yesterday, the approach to service and convenience reached a new level. I sit at my desk in the morning, doing important things - a whole package of headphones arrived for the test, and I listen to them, on the bed the girl does her important girlish things after a shower. At some point, she pokes me on the shoulder: “They came to you,” and points somewhere towards the window. I turn around in my chair in bewilderment and see that outside the window a climber is hanging on a rope and knocking on the window. I open the window, I hear: “Good afternoon, would you like to change the cornice?”. I refused, because the eaves are normal and this is probably a paid service (the climber does not know for sure). The climber began to descend further, knocking on each floor at the window. I think that's how they test the attitude of citizens to unexpected intrusions. We made sure that we reacted normally. Next time they will send a drone with a question.

Donald Trump visits the Apple factory

Tim Cook is a great guy. If Steve Jobs goes down in history as a great marketer, then Cook is a great manager and a great diplomat. Tim Cook has always treated Trump more than coolly and even at one time openly expressed displeasure, but everything changed after the trade war between the United States and China began. And Apple found itself in the position that you need to be friends in order to be able to continue to create and sell their products without duties.

Last week, Tim Cook participated in Trump's "Make America Great Again" event, inviting the president to visit the US Mac Pro factory. Trump was even given a huge sign to hold that read “Designed by Apple in California. Assembled in USA". And Trump, to celebrate, even announced on his Twitter that he had opened the plant.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

It's all fun.

First, the factory is owned by Flex. This is a contract manufacturer. Apple does not have its own factories.

Secondly, this plant was opened in 2013. Apparently, Trump was confused about what he wanted to say, since at the same meeting, Cook announced that Apple was investing a billion dollars in building a campus next door. Tim Cook did not correct Trump and caught a small wave of hate.

Third, the Mac Pro is the smallest category in Apple's portfolio. The rest of the company ships from China, which is why Trump's remark that Apple doesn't have to worry about tariffs when products are made in the US sounded ridiculous.

Fourthly, it looked very ridiculous how, after Trump's mini-speech about the greatness of the United States, Tim Cook took the floor and began to say how many trillions of operations per second the new, most powerful, amazing, incredible Mac Pro can do (there were a lot of epithets) . It seems that Tim Cook has some form of professional deformation, that he cannot talk about Apple without epithets.

Fifth, speaking of Apple, one cannot but mention Samsung. Trump said Samsung is a great company and the US has a great trade deal with South Korea. But Samsung is a competitor to Apple, so we need to support Apple.

Sixth, Donald Trump showed a knack for modern technology and asked Tim Cook to see what Apple could do to build 5G networks in the US. Apple hasn't shown itself at all in this field yet, and the 5G iPhone will be released only in 2020, if all goes well. Turned to the address. But Tim Cook promised that he would definitely come up with something.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

In short, a circus, and nothing more.

Tesla Cybertruck

I wrote a joking note on Monday about how great it would be to drive the new Cybertruck from Tesla.

Some did not understand the humor. Let me explain. At the moment, "cybertruck" is Elon Musk's fantasy to draw attention to Tesla. The prank worked, and Tesla got 200,000 pre-orders. But the fact that everything is not serious, says even the amount that had to be paid. Not a couple of thousand dollars, as in the case of Model 3, but only $100.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The production of the basic version with one motor should in theory begin at the end of 2021, the older version at the end of 2022. I would like to note that Musk has never met the stated deadlines, so it’s good if the conveyor starts working at least in 2023.

Elon Musk is great at drawing attention to Tesla. Sometimes in a negative way, but more often in a positive way. Tesla has already sold both a surfboard and even a flamethrower.

By the way, for some reason, many people believe that the company sold a real flamethrower. Not really. It is even called "Not-a-Flamethrower", that is, "Not-Flamethrower". In fact, this is just a propane burner in the form of an automatic machine. A similar thing (but not in the form of a machine gun) can be bought at any hardware store. And many private homes in the US, as well as in Russia, use similar gas cylinders for cooking.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

And since the myths have already begun to be debunked, there is one more, but not related to Tesla. Many people love tea with bergamot, but not everyone knows what bergamot looks like.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

5G in the US

In the US, operators now face an extremely difficult task. They need to explain to their customers what 5G is. So, if you forgot, then a brief educational program. Let's put aside talk about the differences between SA and NSA 5G networks and how smart cities will launch. We already had an issue about them.

All this nonsense that the Internet of things will come is of no interest to the layman at all. Agree, he pays money for a tariff plan and wants to get some kind of tangible effect, and not just a 5G icon in the “curtain”. He wants all those cool promises about breakneck speeds, HD movie downloads in a second, the ability to play online games with minimal delay to come true. But while the reality is far from these fabulous promises.

So, in essence, 5G is a combination of two frequency bands:

  • 450 MHz - 6000 MHz - 4G also works on this frequency range. It is also called sub-6
  • 24 GHz - 52.6 GHz - this range is commonly called mm-Wave, or millimeter wave (although formally the millimeter range is up to 300 GHz).

It is the millimeter wave that is advertised as 5G, as it is insanely fast. In this range, the smartphone easily accelerates to 1.5 - 2 GB / s, and this is not the limit.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The only catch is that millimeter waves are very gentle. Not only the wall of the house becomes an insurmountable barrier for them, but also rain and trees. Even a human hand. For this reason, modem and smartphone manufacturers are developing various antenna options. For example, Qualcomm at the last MWC offered a solution of 3 antennas located in the smartphone in such a way that the user cannot cover everything with his hands at the same time. And, of course, it is important that the 5G cell is as close as possible and in direct line of sight from the smartphone. Based on this, you understand that you need to stick a lot of honeycombs, both indoors and outdoors.

But the sub-6 speed range is not amazing, but it is less sensitive to obstacles. Accordingly, the 5G network will work on the principle that the smartphone constantly clings to the sub-6 range, but when an opportunity or need arises, it jumps to the mmWave range. It is likely that there will be similar mmWave zones in certain crowded places and in office buildings.

It's also important to note that the sub-6 range is also divided into two parts. Everything below 1 GHz (called low-band), and everything above (called mid-band).

Here's the backstory. It is important, because in the USA 5G of various operators has been launched into commercial use, each with its own frequency. And, accordingly, their speed. And different devices support different networks. The confusion is amazing.

This is where the fun begins. So, AT&T (850 MHz) and T-Mobile (600 MHz) offer their 5G solutions at low-band frequencies, that is, below 1 GHz. This is a littered range, plus there are technical limitations. Accordingly, users, despite the 5G badge, often get speeds that are worse than the current 4G. By the way, according to statistics, the average mobile Internet speed in the United States is 35 Mb / s. AT&T, known for their “chic” 5Ge network (if you forgot, the operator decided to promote and simply renamed its 4G + network to 5Ge), for example, directly stated that their real 5G network is currently the same speed as 4G +. To the credit of the operator, it is worth noting that in the new tariff plans, he does not yet take additional money for a 5G network. In general, it is logical, since users have no advantages.However, technically illiterate users still have it feels like they've been swindled. And there are many. As a student, I worked at Yota, which then sold 4G Wi-Max Internet, and I remember a man who defiantly put a brand new iPhone 4G in front of me and demanded to connect it to Yota. When I tried to explain to him, I called him a swindler and proudly left. Typical client. I think there are plenty of them in the USA.

But in general, all operators have new tariffs that are quite expensive. I wonder how some operators approached the implementation of the issue. They just added an optional surcharge, as I understand it. For example, the basic unlimited data plan costs $90, and if you want 5G access, then pay an additional $10.

Just the day before yesterday, by the way, AT&T started selling the Samsung Galaxy Note 10+ 5G for $1,300. Great? In fact, no, since the Galaxy Note 10+ 5G will only work in the low-band range, and mmWave is only available for business users of the operator. It turns out that AT&T users will not be able to fully enjoy 5G technologies on the new Galaxy.

By the way, AT&T is still in its repertoire. The sub-6 operator will show the network as 5G, and the mmWave band will get the 5G+ icon.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The Sprint operator has access to the so-called mid-band frequency range (2.5 GHz). The company has released test results. The speed ranges from 200 to 600 Mb/s. It's better than 4G, but that's not what people who buy smartphones for 1.5 thousand dollars dream of, right? On the other hand, this is currently the most balanced solution. No wonder T-Mobile is considering buying Sprint. It's funny that Sprint calls its network True Mobile 5G, that is, "real" in advertising.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

If you want mmWave, then you need to go to Verizon, since the operator only has this 5G. It has already been launched in 18 cities. And it's great for marketing as you can post photos at insane speeds. But look at the coverage map of the same New York and Washington (second).

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened #Echo46 : confusion with 5G and how Trump opened the Apple plant in the USA

The little red dots and zones are areas where the new network is available. Given the tenderness of the millimeter wave, a super-high-speed network is available at a specific point on the map. Not near, not nearby, but right at the point.

The US is now in a mess and mess, as marketing triumphs over common sense, and all operators, repulsing investments, actively advertise their 5G networks, but offer completely different conditions and speeds. And how can the average user figure it out?

So far, there is silence in Russia with 5G. Operators take turns reporting about the launch of pilot zones, but no more. For example, a few days ago Tele2 launched its "City of the Future" on Tverskaya. The city is located directly in the flagship communication salon on Tverskaya street, 25/9. What I'm most interested in is how carriers end up explaining to their customers the differences between frequency ranges and speeds.

#Echo46: confusion about 5G and how Trump opened an Apple plant in the USA

Moscow is a wonderful city no matter how you look at it. For example, in St. Petersburg, we first installed lampposts in our yard, after a few months they attached lanterns to them, and after a couple of months they brought electricity. And the road works in the neighborhood have been going on for 4 months, which means you have to knead the dirt if you want to get home. In Moscow, asphalt was laid in three days on a significant section of Dmitrovskoye Highway not far from my rented apartment.

Yesterday, the approach to service and convenience reached a new level. I sit at my desk in the morning, doing important things - a whole package of headphones arrived for the test, and I listen to them, on the bed the girl does her important girlish things after a shower. At some point, she pokes me on the shoulder: “They came to you,” and points somewhere towards the window. I turn around in my chair in bewilderment and see that outside the window a climber is hanging on a rope and knocking on the window. I open the window, I hear: “Good afternoon, would you like to change the cornice?”. I refused, because the eaves are normal and this is probably a paid service (the climber does not know for sure). The climber began to descend further, knocking on each floor at the window. I think this is how they test the attitude of citizens towards unexpected intrusions. We made sure that we reacted normally. Next time they will send a drone with a question.

Donald Trump visits the Apple factory

Tim Cook is a great guy. If Steve Jobs goes down in history as a great marketer, then Cook is a great manager and a great diplomat. Tim Cook has always treated Trump more than coolly and even at one time openly expressed displeasure, but everything changed after the trade war between the United States and China began. And Apple found itself in the position that you need to be friends in order to be able to continue to create and sell their products without duties.

Last week, Tim Cook participated in Trump's "Make America Great Again" event, inviting the president to visit the US Mac Pro factory. Trump was even given a huge sign to hold that read “Designed by Apple in California. Assembled in USA". And Trump, to celebrate, even announced on his Twitter that he had opened the plant.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

It's all fun.

First, the factory is owned by Flex. This is a contract manufacturer. Apple does not have its own factories.

Secondly, this plant was opened in 2013. Apparently, Trump was confused about what he wanted to say, since at the same meeting, Cook announced that Apple was investing a billion dollars in building a campus next door. Tim Cook did not correct Trump and caught a small wave of hate.

Third, the Mac Pro is the smallest category in Apple's portfolio. The rest of the company ships from China, which is why Trump's remark that Apple doesn't have to worry about tariffs when products are made in the US sounded ridiculous.

Fourthly, it looked very ridiculous how, after Trump's mini-speech about the greatness of the United States, Tim Cook took the floor and began to say how many trillions of operations per second the new, most powerful, amazing, incredible Mac Pro can do (there were a lot of epithets) . It seems that Tim Cook has some form of professional deformation, that he cannot talk about Apple without epithets.

Fifth, when talking about Apple, one cannot fail to mention Samsung. Trump said Samsung is a great company and the US has a great trade deal with South Korea. But Samsung is a competitor to Apple, so we need to support Apple.

Sixth, Donald Trump showed a knack for modern technology and asked Tim Cook to see what Apple could do to build 5G networks in the US. Apple hasn't shown itself at all in this field yet, and the 5G iPhone will be released only in 2020, if all goes well. Turned to the address. But Tim Cook promised that he would definitely come up with something.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

In short, a circus, and nothing more.

Tesla Cybertruck

On Monday, I wrote a joking note about how great it would be to drive the new Cybertruck from Tesla.

Some did not understand the humor. Let me explain. At the moment, "cybertruck" is Elon Musk's fantasy to draw attention to Tesla. The prank worked, and Tesla got 200,000 pre-orders. But the fact that everything is not serious, says even the amount that had to be paid. Not a couple of thousand dollars, as in the case of Model 3, but only $100.

#Echo46: 5G Confusion and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The production of the basic version with one motor should in theory begin at the end of 2021, the older version at the end of 2022. I would like to note that Musk has never met the stated deadlines, so it’s good if the conveyor starts working at least in 2023.

Elon Musk is great at drawing attention to Tesla. Sometimes in a negative way, but more often in a positive way. Tesla has already sold a surfboard and even a flamethrower.

By the way, for some reason, many people believe that the company sold a real flamethrower. Not really. It is even called "Not-a-Flamethrower", that is, "Not-Flamethrower". In fact, this is just a propane burner in the form of an automatic machine. A similar thing (but not in the form of a machine gun) can be bought at any hardware store. And many private homes in the US, as well as in Russia, use similar gas cylinders for cooking.

#Echo46: 5G Confusion and Trump US Apple Plant opened

And since the myths have already begun to be debunked, there is one more, but not related to Tesla. Many people love tea with bergamot, but not everyone knows what bergamot looks like.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

5G in the US

In the US, operators now face an extremely difficult task. They need to explain to their customers what 5G is. So, if you forgot, then a brief educational program. Let's put aside talk about the differences between SA and NSA 5G networks and how smart cities will launch. We already had an issue about them.

All this nonsense that the Internet of things will come is of no interest to the layman at all. Agree, he pays money for a tariff plan and wants to get some kind of tangible effect, and not just a 5G icon in the “curtain”. He wants all those cool promises about breakneck speeds, HD movie downloads in a second, the ability to play online games with minimal delay to come true. But while the reality is far from these fabulous promises.

So, in essence, 5G is a combination of two frequency bands:

  • 450 MHz - 6000 MHz - 4G also works on this frequency range. It is also called sub-6
  • 24 GHz - 52.6 GHz - this range is commonly called mm-Wave, or millimeter wave (although formally the millimeter range is up to 300 GHz).

It is the millimeter wave that is advertised as 5G, as it is insanely fast. In this range, the smartphone easily accelerates to 1.5 - 2 GB / s, and this is not the limit.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The only catch is that millimeter waves are very gentle. Not only the wall of the house becomes an insurmountable barrier for them, but also rain and trees. Even a human hand. For this reason, modem and smartphone manufacturers are developing various antenna options. For example, Qualcomm at the last MWC offered a solution of 3 antennas located in the smartphone in such a way that the user cannot cover everything with his hands at the same time. And, of course, it is important that the 5G cell is as close as possible and in direct line of sight from the smartphone. Based on this, you understand that you need to stick a lot of honeycombs, both indoors and outdoors.

But the sub-6 speed range is not amazing, but it is less sensitive to obstacles. Accordingly, the 5G network will work on the principle that the smartphone constantly clings to the sub-6 range, but when an opportunity or need arises, it jumps to the mmWave range. It is likely that there will be similar mmWave zones in certain crowded places and in office buildings.

It's also important to note that the sub-6 range is also divided into two parts. Everything below 1 GHz (called low-band), and everything above (called mid-band).

Here's the backstory. It is important, because in the USA 5G of various operators has been launched into commercial use, each with its own frequency. And, accordingly, their speed. And different devices support different networks. The confusion is amazing.

This is where the fun begins. So, AT&T (850 MHz) and T-Mobile (600 MHz) offer their 5G solutions at low-band frequencies, that is, below 1 GHz. This is a littered range, plus there are technical limitations. Accordingly, users, despite the 5G badge, often get speeds that are worse than the current 4G. By the way, according to statistics, the average mobile Internet speed in the United States is 35 Mb / s. AT&T, known for their “chic” 5Ge network (if you forgot, the operator decided to promote and simply renamed its 4G + network to 5Ge), for example, directly stated that their real 5G network is currently the same speed as 4G +. To the credit of the operator, it is worth noting that in the new tariff plans, he does not yet take additional money for a 5G network. In general, it is logical, since users have no advantages.However, technically illiterate users still have it feels like they've been swindled. And there are many. As a student, I worked at Yota, which then sold 4G Wi-Max Internet, and I remember a man who defiantly put a brand new iPhone 4G in front of me and demanded to connect it to Yota. When I tried to explain to him, I called him a swindler and proudly left. Typical client. I think there are plenty of them in the USA.

But in general, all operators have new tariffs that are quite expensive. I wonder how some operators approached the implementation of the issue. They just added an optional surcharge, as I understand it. For example, the basic unlimited data plan costs $90, and if you want 5G access, then pay an additional $10.

Just the day before yesterday, by the way, AT&T started selling the Samsung Galaxy Note 10+ 5G for $1,300. Great? In fact, no, since the Galaxy Note 10+ 5G will only work in the low-band range, and mmWave is only available for business users of the operator. It turns out that AT&T users will not be able to fully enjoy 5G technologies on the new Galaxy.

By the way, AT&T is still in its repertoire. The sub-6 operator will show the network as 5G, and the mmWave band will get the 5G+ icon.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The Sprint operator has access to the so-called mid-band frequency range (2.5 GHz). The company has released test results. The speed ranges from 200 to 600 Mb/s. It's better than 4G, but that's not what people who buy smartphones for 1.5 thousand dollars dream of, right? On the other hand, this is currently the most balanced solution. No wonder T-Mobile is considering buying Sprint. It's funny that Sprint calls its network True Mobile 5G, that is, "real" in advertising.

#Echo46: 5G Confusion and Trump US Apple Plant opened

If you want mmWave, then you need to go to Verizon, since the operator only has this 5G. It has already been launched in 18 cities. And it's great for marketing as you can post photos at insane speeds. But look at the coverage map of the same New York and Washington (second).

#Echo46: 5G Confusion and How Trump US Apple Plant opened #Echo46 : confusion with 5G and how Trump opened the Apple plant in the USA

The little red dots and zones are areas where the new network is available. Given the tenderness of the millimeter wave, a super-high-speed network is available at a specific point on the map. Not near, not nearby, but right at the point.

The US is now in a mess and mess, as marketing triumphs over common sense, and all operators, repulsing investments, actively advertise their 5G networks, but offer completely different conditions and speeds. And how can the average user figure it out?

So far, there is silence in Russia with 5G. Operators take turns reporting about the launch of pilot zones, but no more. For example, a few days ago Tele2 launched its "City of the Future" on Tverskaya. The city is located directly in the flagship communication salon on Tverskaya street, 25/9. What I'm most interested in is how carriers end up explaining to their customers the differences between frequency ranges and speeds.

#Echo46: confusion about 5G and how Trump opened an Apple plant in the USA

Moscow is a wonderful city no matter how you look at it. For example, in St. Petersburg, we first installed lampposts in our yard, after a few months they attached lanterns to them, and after a couple of months they brought electricity. And the road works in the neighborhood have been going on for 4 months, which means you have to knead the dirt if you want to get home. In Moscow, asphalt was laid in three days on a significant section of Dmitrovskoye Highway not far from my rented apartment.

Yesterday, the approach to service and convenience reached a new level. I sit at my desk in the morning, doing important things - a whole package of headphones arrived for the test, and I listen to them, on the bed the girl does her important girlish things after a shower. At some point, she pokes me on the shoulder: “They came to you,” and points somewhere towards the window. I turn around in my chair in bewilderment and see that outside the window a climber is hanging on a rope and knocking on the window. I open the window, I hear: “Good afternoon, would you like to change the cornice?”. I refused, because the eaves are normal and this is probably a paid service (the climber does not know for sure). The climber began to descend further, knocking on each floor at the window. I think this is how they test the attitude of citizens towards unexpected intrusions. We made sure that we reacted normally. Next time they will send a drone with a question.

Donald Trump visits the Apple factory

Tim Cook is a great guy. If Steve Jobs goes down in history as a great marketer, then Cook is a great manager and a great diplomat. Tim Cook has always treated Trump more than coolly and even at one time openly expressed displeasure, but everything changed after the trade war between the United States and China began. And Apple found itself in the position that you need to be friends in order to be able to continue to create and sell their products without duties.

Last week, Tim Cook participated in Trump's "Make America Great Again" event, inviting the president to visit the US Mac Pro factory. Trump was even given a huge sign to hold that read “Designed by Apple in California. Assembled in USA". And Trump, to celebrate, even announced on his Twitter that he had opened the plant.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

It's all fun.

First, the factory is owned by Flex. This is a contract manufacturer. Apple does not have its own factories.

Secondly, this plant was opened in 2013. Apparently, Trump was confused about what he wanted to say, since at the same meeting, Cook announced that Apple was investing a billion dollars in building a campus next door. Tim Cook did not correct Trump and caught a small wave of hate.

Third, the Mac Pro is the smallest category in Apple's portfolio. The rest of the company ships from China, which is why Trump's remark that Apple doesn't have to worry about tariffs when products are made in the US sounded ridiculous.

Fourthly, it looked very ridiculous how, after Trump's mini-speech about the greatness of the United States, Tim Cook took the floor and began to say how many trillions of operations per second the new, most powerful, amazing, incredible Mac Pro can do (there were a lot of epithets) . It seems that Tim Cook has some form of professional deformation, that he cannot talk about Apple without epithets.

Fifth, speaking of Apple, one cannot but mention Samsung. Trump said Samsung is a great company and the US has a great trade deal with South Korea. But Samsung is a competitor to Apple, so we need to support Apple.

Sixth, Donald Trump showed a knack for modern technology and asked Tim Cook to see what Apple could do to build 5G networks in the US. Apple hasn't shown itself at all in this field yet, and the 5G iPhone will be released only in 2020, if all goes well. Turned to the address. But Tim Cook promised that he would definitely come up with something.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

In short, a circus, and nothing more.

Tesla Cybertruck

I wrote a joking note on Monday about how great it would be to drive the new Cybertruck from Tesla.

Some did not understand the humor. Let me explain. At the moment, "cybertruck" is Elon Musk's fantasy to draw attention to Tesla. The prank worked, and Tesla got 200,000 pre-orders. But the fact that everything is not serious, says even the amount that had to be paid. Not a couple of thousand dollars, as in the case of Model 3, but only $100.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The production of the basic version with one motor should in theory begin at the end of 2021, the older version at the end of 2022. I would like to note that Musk has never met the stated deadlines, so it’s good if the conveyor starts working at least in 2023.

Elon Musk is great at drawing attention to Tesla. Sometimes in a negative way, but more often in a positive way. Tesla has already sold both a surfboard and even a flamethrower.

By the way, for some reason, many people believe that the company sold a real flamethrower. Not really. It is even called "Not-a-Flamethrower", that is, "Not-Flamethrower". In fact, this is just a propane burner in the form of an automatic machine. A similar thing (but not in the form of a machine gun) can be bought at any hardware store. And many private homes in the US, as well as in Russia, use similar gas cylinders for cooking.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

And since the myths have already begun to be debunked, there is one more, but not related to Tesla. Many people love tea with bergamot, but not everyone knows what bergamot looks like.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

5G in the US

In the US, operators now face an extremely difficult task. They need to explain to their customers what 5G is. So, if you forgot, then a brief educational program. Let's put aside talk about the differences between SA and NSA 5G networks and how smart cities will launch. We already had an issue about them.

All this nonsense that the Internet of things will come is of no interest to the layman at all. Agree, he pays money for a tariff plan and wants to get some kind of tangible effect, and not just a 5G icon in the “curtain”. He wants all those cool promises about breakneck speeds, HD movie downloads in a second, the ability to play online games with minimal delay to come true. But while the reality is far from these fabulous promises.

So, in essence, 5G is a combination of two frequency bands:

  • 450 MHz - 6000 MHz - 4G also works on this frequency range. It is also called sub-6
  • 24 GHz - 52.6 GHz - this range is commonly called mm-Wave, or millimeter wave (although formally the millimeter range is up to 300 GHz).

It is the millimeter wave that is advertised as 5G, as it is insanely fast. In this range, the smartphone easily accelerates to 1.5 - 2 GB / s, and this is not the limit.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The only catch is that millimeter waves are very gentle. Not only the wall of the house becomes an insurmountable barrier for them, but also rain and trees. Even a human hand. For this reason, modem and smartphone manufacturers are developing various antenna options. For example, Qualcomm at the last MWC offered a solution of 3 antennas located in the smartphone in such a way that the user cannot cover everything with his hands at the same time. And, of course, it is important that the 5G cell is as close as possible and in direct line of sight from the smartphone. Based on this, you understand that you need to stick a lot of honeycombs, both indoors and outdoors.

But the sub-6 speed range is not amazing, but it is less sensitive to obstacles. Accordingly, the 5G network will work on the principle that the smartphone constantly clings to the sub-6 range, but when an opportunity or need arises, it jumps to the mmWave range. It is likely that there will be similar mmWave zones in certain crowded places and in office buildings.

It's also important to note that the sub-6 range is also divided into two parts. Everything below 1 GHz (called low-band), and everything above (called mid-band).

Here's the backstory. It is important, because in the USA 5G of various operators has been launched into commercial use, each with its own frequency. And, accordingly, their speed. And different devices support different networks. The confusion is amazing.

This is where the fun begins. So, AT&T (850 MHz) and T-Mobile (600 MHz) offer their 5G solutions at low-band frequencies, that is, below 1 GHz. This is a littered range, plus there are technical limitations. Accordingly, users, despite the 5G badge, often get speeds that are worse than the current 4G. By the way, according to statistics, the average mobile Internet speed in the United States is 35 Mb / s. AT&T, known for their “chic” 5Ge network (if you forgot, the operator decided to promote and simply renamed its 4G + network to 5Ge), for example, directly stated that their real 5G network is currently the same speed as 4G +. To the credit of the operator, it is worth noting that in the new tariff plans, he does not yet take additional money for a 5G network. In general, it is logical, since users have no advantages.However, technically illiterate users still have it feels like they've been swindled. And there are many. As a student, I worked at Yota, which then sold 4G Wi-Max Internet, and I remember a man who defiantly put a brand new iPhone 4G in front of me and demanded to connect it to Yota. When I tried to explain to him, I called him a swindler and proudly left. Typical client. I think there are plenty of them in the USA.

But in general, all operators have new tariffs that are quite expensive. I wonder how some operators approached the implementation of the issue. They just added an optional surcharge, as I understand it. For example, the basic unlimited data plan costs $90, and if you want 5G access, then pay an additional $10.

Just the day before yesterday, by the way, AT&T started selling the Samsung Galaxy Note 10+ 5G for $1,300. Great? In fact, no, since the Galaxy Note 10+ 5G will only work in the low-band range, and mmWave is only available for business users of the operator. It turns out that AT&T users will not be able to fully enjoy 5G technologies on the new Galaxy.

By the way, AT&T is still in its repertoire. The sub-6 operator will show the network as 5G, and the mmWave band will get the 5G+ icon.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

The Sprint operator has access to the so-called mid-band frequency range (2.5 GHz). The company has released test results. The speed ranges from 200 to 600 Mb/s. It's better than 4G, but that's not what people who buy smartphones for 1.5 thousand dollars dream of, right? On the other hand, this is currently the most balanced solution. No wonder T-Mobile is considering buying Sprint. It's funny that Sprint calls its network True Mobile 5G, that is, "real" in advertising.

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened

If you want mmWave, then you need to go to Verizon, since the operator only has this 5G. It has already been launched in 18 cities. And it's great for marketing as you can post photos at insane speeds. But look at the coverage map of the same New York and Washington (second).

#Echo46: Confusion with 5G and Trump US Apple Plant opened #Echo46 : confusion with 5G and how Trump opened the Apple plant in the USA

The little red dots and zones are areas where the new network is available. Given the tenderness of the millimeter wave, a super-high-speed network is available at a specific point on the map. Not near, not nearby, but right at the point.

The US is now in a mess and mess, as marketing triumphs over common sense, and all operators, repulsing investments, actively advertise their 5G networks, but offer completely different conditions and speeds. And how can the average user figure it out?

So far, there is silence in Russia with 5G. Operators take turns reporting about the launch of pilot zones, but no more. For example, a few days ago Tele2 launched its "City of the Future" on Tverskaya. The city is located directly in the flagship communication salon on Tverskaya street, 25/9. What I'm most interested in is how carriers end up explaining to their customers the differences between frequency ranges and speeds.

#Echo46: confusion about 5G and how Trump opened an Apple plant in the USA

Moscow is a wonderful city no matter how you look at it. For example, in St. Petersburg, we first installed lampposts in our yard, after a few months they attached lanterns to them, and after a couple of months they brought electricity. And the road works in the neighborhood have been going on for 4 months, which means you have to knead the dirt if you want to get home. In Moscow, asphalt was laid in three days on a significant section of Dmitrovskoye Highway not far from my rented apartment.

Yesterday, the approach to service and convenience reached a new level. I sit at my desk in the morning, doing important things - a whole package of headphones arrived for the test, and I listen to them, on the bed the girl does her important girlish things after a shower. At some point, she pokes me on the shoulder: “They came to you,” and points somewhere towards the window. I turn around in my chair in bewilderment and see that outside the window a climber is hanging on a rope and knocking on the window. I open the window, I hear: “Good afternoon, would you like to change the cornice?”. I refused, because the eaves are normal and this is probably a paid service (the climber does not know for sure). The climber began to descend further, knocking on each floor at the window. I think this is how they test the attitude of citizens towards unexpected intrusions. We made sure that we reacted normally. Next time they will send a drone with a question.

Donald Trump arrived at the Apple factory

Tim Cook is a great guy. If Steve Jobs goes down in history as a great marketer, then Cook is a great manager and a great diplomat. Tim Cook has always treated Trump more than coolly and even at one time openly expressed displeasure, but everything changed after the trade war between the United States and China began. And Apple found itself in the position that you need to be friends in order to be able to continue to create and sell their products without duties.

Last week, Tim Cook participated in Trump's "Make America Great Again" event, inviting the president to visit the US Mac Pro factory. Trump was even given a huge sign to hold that read “Designed by Apple in California. Assembled in USA". And Trump, to celebrate, even announced on his Twitter that he had opened the plant.

It's all fun.

First, the factory is owned by Flex. This is a contract manufacturer. Apple does not have its own factories.

Secondly, this plant was opened in 2013. Apparently, Trump was confused about what he wanted to say, since at the same meeting, Cook announced that Apple was investing a billion dollars in building a campus next door. Tim Cook did not correct Trump and caught a small wave of hate.

Third, the Mac Pro is the smallest category in Apple's portfolio. The rest of the company ships from China, which is why Trump's remark that Apple doesn't have to worry about tariffs when products are made in the US sounded ridiculous.

Fourthly, it looked very ridiculous how, after Trump's mini-speech about the greatness of the United States, Tim Cook took the floor and began to say how many trillions of operations per second the new, most powerful, amazing, incredible Mac Pro can do (there were a lot of epithets) . It seems that Tim Cook has some form of professional deformation, that he cannot talk about Apple without epithets.

Fifth, speaking of Apple, one cannot but mention Samsung. Trump said Samsung is a great company and the US has a great trade deal with South Korea. But Samsung is a competitor to Apple, so we need to support Apple.

Sixth, Donald Trump showed a knack for modern technology and asked Tim Cook to see what Apple could do to build 5G networks in the US. Apple hasn't shown itself at all in this field yet, and the 5G iPhone will be released only in 2020, if all goes well. Turned to the address. But Tim Cook promised that he would definitely come up with something.

In short, a circus, and nothing more.

Tesla Cybertruck

On Monday, I wrote a joking note about how great it would be to drive the new Cybertruck from Tesla.

Some did not understand the humor. Let me explain. At the moment, "cybertruck" is Elon Musk's fantasy to draw attention to Tesla. The prank worked, and Tesla got 200,000 pre-orders. But the fact that everything is not serious, says even the amount that had to be paid. Not a couple of thousand dollars, as in the case of Model 3, but only $100.

The production of the basic version with one motor should in theory begin at the end of 2021, the older version at the end of 2022. I would like to note that Musk has never met the stated deadlines, so it’s good if the conveyor starts working at least in 2023.

Elon Musk is great at drawing attention to Tesla. Sometimes in a negative way, but more often in a positive way. Tesla has already sold a surfboard and even a flamethrower.

By the way, for some reason, many people believe that the company sold a real flamethrower. Not really. It is even called "Not-a-Flamethrower", that is, "Not-Flamethrower". In fact, this is just a propane burner in the form of an automatic machine. A similar thing (but not in the form of a machine gun) can be bought at any hardware store. And many private homes in the US, as well as in Russia, use similar gas cylinders for cooking.

And since the myths have already begun to be debunked, there is one more, but not related to Tesla. Many people love tea with bergamot, but not everyone knows what bergamot looks like.

5G in the US

In the US, operators now face an extremely difficult task. They need to explain to their customers what 5G is. So, if you forgot, then a brief educational program. Let's put aside talk about the differences between SA and NSA 5G networks and how smart cities will launch. We already had an issue about them.

All this nonsense that the Internet of things will come is of no interest to the layman at all. Agree, he pays money for a tariff plan and wants to get some kind of tangible effect, and not just a 5G icon in the “curtain”. He wants all those cool promises about breakneck speeds, HD movie downloads in a second, the ability to play online games with minimal delay to come true. But while the reality is far from these fabulous promises.

So, in essence, 5G is a combination of two frequency bands:

  • 450 MHz - 6000 MHz - 4G also works on this frequency range. It is also called sub-6
  • 24 GHz - 52.6 GHz - this range is commonly called mm-Wave, or millimeter wave (although formally the millimeter range is up to 300 GHz).

It is the millimeter wave that is advertised as 5G, as it is insanely fast. In this range, the smartphone easily accelerates to 1.5 - 2 GB / s, and this is not the limit.

The only catch is that millimeter waves are very gentle. Not only the wall of the house becomes an insurmountable barrier for them, but also rain and trees. Even a human hand. For this reason, modem and smartphone manufacturers are developing various antenna options. For example, Qualcomm at the last MWC offered a solution of 3 antennas located in the smartphone in such a way that the user cannot cover everything with his hands at the same time. And, of course, it is important that the 5G cell is as close as possible and in direct line of sight from the smartphone. Based on this, you understand that you need to stick a lot of honeycombs, both indoors and outdoors.

But the sub-6 speed range is not amazing, but it is less sensitive to obstacles. Accordingly, the 5G network will work on the principle that the smartphone constantly clings to the sub-6 range, but when an opportunity or need arises, it jumps to the mmWave range. It is likely that there will be similar mmWave zones in certain crowded places and in office buildings.

It's also important to note that the sub-6 range is also divided into two parts. Everything below 1 GHz (called low-band), and everything above (called mid-band).

Here's the backstory. It is important, because in the USA 5G of various operators has been launched into commercial use, each with its own frequency. And, accordingly, their speed. And different devices support different networks. The confusion is amazing.

This is where the fun begins. So, AT&T (850 MHz) and T-Mobile (600 MHz) offer their 5G solutions at low-band frequencies, that is, below 1 GHz. This is a littered range, plus there are technical limitations. Accordingly, users, despite the 5G badge, often get speeds that are worse than the current 4G. By the way, according to statistics, the average mobile Internet speed in the United States is 35 Mb / s. AT&T, known for their “chic” 5Ge network (if you forgot, the operator decided to promote and simply renamed its 4G + network to 5Ge), for example, directly stated that their real 5G network is currently the same speed as 4G +. To the credit of the operator, it is worth noting that in the new tariff plans, he does not yet take additional money for a 5G network. In general, it is logical, since users have no advantages. However, technically illiterate users still have the feeling that they were cheated. And there are many. As a student, I worked at Yota, which then sold 4G Wi-Max Internet, and I remember a man who defiantly put a brand new iPhone 4G in front of me and demanded to connect it to Yota. When I tried to explain to him, I called him a swindler and proudly left. Typical client. I think there are plenty of them in the USA.

And this is where all the fun begins. So, AT&T (850 MHz) and T-Mobile (600 MHz) offer their 5G solutions at low-band frequencies, that is, below 1 GHz. This is a littered range, plus there are technical limitations. Accordingly, users, despite the 5G badge, often get speeds that are worse than the current 4G. By the way, according to statistics, the average mobile Internet speed in the United States is 35 Mb / s. AT&T, known for their “chic” 5Ge network (if you forgot, the operator decided to promote and simply renamed its 4G + network to 5Ge), for example, directly stated that their real 5G network is currently the same speed as 4G +. To the credit of the operator, it is worth noting that in the new tariff plans, he does not yet take additional money for a 5G network. In general, it is logical, since users have no advantages. However, technically illiterate users still it feels like they've been tricked. And there are many. As a student, I worked at Yota, which then sold 4G Wi-Max Internet, and I remember a man who defiantly put a brand new iPhone 4G in front of me and demanded to connect it to Yota. When I tried to explain to him, I called him a swindler and proudly left. Typical client. I think the US is full of them.

But in general, all operators have new tariffs that are quite expensive. I wonder how some operators approached the implementation of the issue. They just added an optional surcharge, as I understand it. For example, the basic unlimited data plan costs $90, and if you want 5G access, then pay an additional $10.

Just the day before yesterday, by the way, AT&T started selling the Samsung Galaxy Note 10+ 5G for $1,300. Great? In fact, no, since the Galaxy Note 10+ 5G will only work in the low-band range, and mmWave is only available for business users of the operator. It turns out that AT&T users will not be able to fully enjoy 5G technologies on the new Galaxy.

By the way, AT&T is still in its repertoire. The sub-6 operator will show the network as 5G, and the mmWave band will get the 5G+ icon.

The Sprint operator has access to the so-called mid-band frequency range (2.5 GHz). The company has released test results. The speed ranges from 200 to 600 Mb/s. It's better than 4G, but that's not what people who buy smartphones for 1.5 thousand dollars dream of, right? On the other hand, this is currently the most balanced solution. No wonder T-Mobile is considering buying Sprint. It's funny that Sprint calls its network True Mobile 5G, that is, "real" in advertising.

If you want mmWave, then you need to go to Verizon, since the operator only has this 5G. It has already been launched in 18 cities. And it's great for marketing as you can post photos at insane speeds. But look at the coverage map of the same New York and Washington (second).

The little red dots and zones are areas where the new network is available. Given the tenderness of the millimeter wave, a super-high-speed network is available at a specific point on the map. Not near, not nearby, but right at the point.

The US is now in a mess and mess, as marketing triumphs over common sense, and all operators, repulsing investments, actively advertise their 5G networks, but offer completely different conditions and speeds. And how can the average user figure it out?

So far, there is silence in Russia with 5G. Operators take turns reporting about the launch of pilot zones, but no more. For example, a few days ago Tele2 launched its "City of the Future" on Tverskaya. The city is located directly in the flagship communication salon on Tverskaya street, 25/9. What I'm most interested in is how carriers end up explaining to their customers the differences between frequency ranges and speeds.